What is Bipolar Disorder? What are the Bipolar Disorder Symptoms?
What is bipolar disorder? What Are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder? How is the disease treated and in whom is it seen?
Many stress-related disorders such as manic-depressive disorder, depression and anxiety disorder are among the most frequently complained psychological diseases. Bipolar disorder is defined as a chronic and recurrent mood disorder with no definite pattern and recurrent depressive or manic episodes. So what are the symptoms of bipolar disorder, is it possible to treat bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder usually begins in the 20s, but can also begin after the age of 60.
What is Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by two separate illness episodes. In one of these disease periods, there is exuberance (mania), and in the other, there is depression (depression). These two disease periods, which seem to be opposite to each other, are followed by remission and exacerbations. Except for periods of illness, the patient immediately returns to normal.
Disease Periods and Symptoms
The period of mania or exuberance is the period when the mood is very high and the patient is overly enthusiastic. During this period, the patient:
- Exaggerated important ideas or grounded projects
- Feelings much higher than they are, thoughts of greatness
- Feeling overly energetic
- Decreased need for sleep, or even denial of need for sleep
- There may be a tendency to engage in exciting or fun activities for which the consequences are not considered, such as engaging in exciting or fun activities without considering the consequences (spending too much money, driving too fast)
In the Depression period, it is the opposite of the situation written above.In depression, the following conditions are observed in the patient:
- Unhappiness, pessimism, hopelessness
- Decreased self-confidence, feeling worthless
- Exaggerated feelings of guilt or regret
- Inability to enjoy activities that she used to enjoy, loss of appetite
- Sleep disturbance
changes and unexplained pain may occur.
How is Bipolar Disorder Treated?
Bipolar disorder, which is a psychiatric disorder that can have a severe course if left untreated, shows seasonal fluctuations in some people. Autumn and winter are the months when the depressive state is observed, and the spring months are the months when manic episodes are observed.
Bipolar disorder is usually treated with medication. Keeping in constant communication with your doctor and following what your doctor says have an important place in the treatment of the disease.
While medications are the primary treatment, psychotherapy plays an important role in helping the patient understand and accept the personal and social harms caused by past cycles and to better cope with what they may experience in the future. It may be necessary to take mood-stabilizing drugs for many years under the control of a doctor due to recurrent disease episodes.
It is very important to adapt to social life during his illness and not to stay away from people. Although the treatment of the disease is done with the use of drugs, the place of morale in psychological disorders should not be forgotten, and the morale of the person with bipolar disorder should be kept high.
You can find detailed information about the disease here.